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siRNA Modified with 2'-Deoxy-2'-C-methylpyrimidine Nucleosides

Dellafiore, M., Aviñó, A., Alagia, A., Montserrat, J.M., Iribarren, A.M., Eritja, R.

 ChemBioChem, 2018

 (2'S)-2'-Deoxy-2'-C-methyluridine and (2'R)-2'-deoxy-2'-C-methyluridine were incorporated in the 3'-overhang region of the sense and antisense strands and in positions 2 and 5 of the seed region of siRNA duplexes directed against Renilla luciferase, whereas (2'S)-2'-deoxy-2'-C-methylcytidine was incorporated in the 6-position of the seed region of the same constructions. A dual luciferase reporter assay in transfected HeLa cells was used as a model system to measure the IC50 values of 24 different modified duplexes. The best results were obtained by the substitution of one thymidine unit in the antisense 3'-overhang region by (2'S)- or (2'R)-2'-deoxy-2'-C-methyluridine, reducing IC50 to half of the value observed for the natural control. The selectivity of the modified siRNA was measured, it being found that modifications in positions 5 and 6 of the seed region had a positive effect on the ON/OFF activity.