Home Publications Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for therapeutic drug monitoring coumarin oral anticoagulants in plasma

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for therapeutic drug monitoring coumarin oral anticoagulants in plasma

Salvador, J.-P., Tassies, D., Reverter, J.-C., Marco, M.-P.

Analytica Chimica Acta,2018

 The development of high-throughput immunochemical assays to assist on precision medicine for patients treated with coumarin oral anticoagulants (OA) is reported. The assays are able to quantitate Warfarin (W) and/or Acenocoumarol (ACL) directly in plasma samples without any previous sample pretreatment. The detectabilities (W, 3.52?±?2.25?nM and ACL, 1.56?±?0.64?nM) and the working ranges achieved (W, 1.19?±?0.73 to 12.05?±?2.99?nM and ACL 0.63?±?0.20 to 10.19?±?6.69?nM) are within the therapeutic levels usually found in patients treated with these drugs. The assays are specific with only cross-recognition of 4'-NH2-ACL on the ACL ELISA, which is one of the main metabolites of this drug. Moreover, accuracy studies performed with blind spiked samples show very good correlation between the spiked and the measured concentrations. Finally, a small clinical pilot study has been performed analyzing 96 plasma samples from treated and untreated patients, showing that the assay is able to quantitate ACL. The results obtained allow envisaging the possibility to use these assays for pharmacokinetic studies, dosage assessment or therapeutic drug monitoring.